The local press unanimously noted the great impact of the ban. distillation, which led to the emergence of peasants cash savings. Free cash facilitated the payment of taxes. In this way weakened traditional enforcement mechanisms peasant products to market. Wartime difficulties caused “Commodity hunger” also undermined the relationship of the peasant economy with the market, led to its naturalization.
Appeared surpluses were sent to the needs farms. Domestic consumption of the peasant family possessed significant reserves of expansion; part of the grain and potatoes went for fodder, which stimulated the gradual emergence of peasant livestock acceptable level of development. It is relatively stable. the existence of a peasant farm during the war years and constantly growing prices for its products did not entail a normal food supplies of the nearest district cities and workers’ settlements. Most produced goods were consumed within the farm itself due to its low marketability; grain surpluses were also reluctant to be supplied to the market, since the ever-growing bread was more promising form of accumulation, rather than unsecured industrial products, depreciating money.
Increased during the war natural features of the peasant farms of the province played an important role in deterioration of the food situation in the cities. A.L. Sidorov rightly pointed out that with the backwardness of the pre-revolutionary agriculture, when the decisive role in the crop or crop failure was played purely natural phenomena, it is very difficult in 2-3 years to trace the influence of war on the state of agricultural production54. The harvest of 1914 was below average55. Both in 1915 and in 1916 a high yield was expected, but the rains during harvesting led to large losses and reduced the quality of grain56, so that the average for the province in during the next two war years (1915 and 1916) the harvest was “higher average.
According to calculations made on the basis of data from the Central Ministry of Interior Statistics Committee, Department of Rural Economy, Ministry of agriculture and agricultural census of 1916, in 1915 in the province major crops (rye, wheat, oats and barley) were harvested without small by 4 million pounds more than its population required. For one soul at the same time, there was a little more than half a time of “extra” rye and a little more one and a half poods of “extra” oats, while grown in the province wheat and barley were a bit short of consumption (made up of seed stock, food and fodder grain)